Guide to Filing Taxes in Malaysia 2020: Defining the Perquisites in Form EA

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It’s tax filing season and time to file for tax exemptions in Part F of Form EA. After all, you do not want to overpay your taxes! Part F is where you can file for tax exemptions on certain perquisites and benefits-in-kind, thereby reducing your overall chargeable income. 

It’s important to know how these perquisites are defined and whether the tax exemptions for these apply to you. You can also learn more about the different benefits-in-kind that you could file for tax exemption in this article here! After all, this can reduce or entirely eliminate your obligation to pay tax. 

Here are some of the values of the Perquisites prescribed (value per year).

Check out more details on the infographic below!

1) Free Petrol

When the employer provides a motorcar to the employee as a benefit-in-kind, the petrol provided is considered a perquisite in Part F of Form EA. Moreover, this can come in the form of a petrol card provided by the employer or a petrol bill that the employer paid for the employee.

If the amount received exceeds RM6,000 a year, the excess will be chargeable to tax

2) Childcare Benefits

However, this is limited to child care centres provided by employers to their employees’ children. 

3) Parking Fees/Allowances

This includes parking rate paid by the employer directly to the parking operator.

4) Meal Allowances

Employers can provide meal allowances to employees on a regular basis! They are provided for work purposes when an employee works overtime or works while outstation or on overseas business trips. These can only be exempted if it is given to the employee based on the employer’s written instruction or the rate fixed in the internal circular.

5) Income tax borne by the employer

income tax borne by employer perquisite

This is the Income Tax treatment of goods and services tax (GST) involving BIK, perquisites and value of living accommodation that the employer provides the employee. If not filed for exemption in Part F, the GSTs will be borne by employees because they receive benefits in the form of goods; however, they should be borne by employers as part of those benefits. 

6) Interest on loan subsidies

Interest On Loans Perquisites Form EA

Can full tax exemption apply to subsidised interest for housing/education/motor cars? Yes, if the total amount of loan taken in an aggregate does not exceed RM300,000.

What if the total amount of loan exceeds RM300,000? While this does not entirely eliminate your obligation to pay tax, it does reduce the amount!

In fact, here’s how you calculate the amount of subsidised interest exempted from tax: 

(A – B) X (C / D)

Where;

  • A is the amount of interest to be borne by the employee in the basis period for a year of assessment;
  • B is the amount of interest payable by the employee in the basis period for a year of assessment;
  • C is the aggregate of the balance of the principal amount of housing, education or car loan taken by the employee in the basis period for a year of assessment or RM300, 000, whichever is lower;
  • D is the total aggregate of the principal amount of housing, education or car loan taken by the employee.

7) Award

Award Perquisite Form EA

The employer provides this perquisite, whether in money or otherwise, to the employee who is pursuant to his or her employment. These are the different types of awards that are perquisites:

  1. past achievement award;
  2. service excellence award, innovation award or productivity award; and
  3. long service award (provided that the employee has exercised an employment for more than 10 years with the same employer.

8) PTPTN Loan Repayment Borne by Employer

PTPN loan repayment Perquisite Form EA

Employers who help to pay their workers’ outstanding loans from the National Higher Education Fund Corporation (PTPTN) out of their own initiative will enjoy a tax exemption for YA 2019. However, employers cannot place their workers on an employment bond nor deduct from employees’ wages as a condition for paying off their loan. 

Also, in a bid to avoid manipulation with the tax exemptions, employers cannot pay for the loans of employees who happen to be his siblings, spouse, children or grandchildren.

Overwhelmed by the work ahead this Tax Filing Season? Automate your filing.

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